The world geological park network adds 13 new members
The United Nations educational, scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO) executive board adopted a resolution on April 17 to include 13 sites representing the earth's geological diversity in the world geological park network. At this point, the number of members in the network increased to 140, distributing in 38 countries.
The new sites are:
Beaujolais, the UNESCO world geopark, is known around the world for its 12 protected vineyards. But outside the vineyard, there are other extraordinary geological and cultural treasures. The complex geological conditions of Beaujolais have been formed for more than 500 million years, shaping the local landscape diversity, species, and building stone selection. The geological heritage and history of Beaujolais have influenced the lives and cultures of its inhabitants and will continue this process.
Gao ping (Vietnam)
The UNESCO world geological park is located in the mountains of northeast Vietnam. In geological terms, gaoping geological park is divided into two parts by the deep active fault of gaoping field, and its eastern part is composed of Paleozoic limestone. The west is characterized by sedimentary rocks, pillow basalt, ultramafic iron and granite intrusions rich in minerals and hydrothermal alteration. Most of the people living in this area belong to nine distinct and culturally rich peoples.
Ciletuh-palabuhanratu of west Java province, named after the Ciletuh river and Palabuhanratu (queen's harbor), is based on a local legend about the queen of the region. The oldest rock in the geopark is a subduction process between the Eurasian plate and the Indian Ocean plate. At present, three village communities have preserved the ancestral Kasepuhan tradition, especially in agriculture and paddy fields (called tatanen).
Conca DE Tremp Montsec (Spain)
Conca DE Tremp Montsec is located in the northeast of Spain, near the border of France and Andorra, and is characterized by a set of east-west mountains and basins. The terrain corresponds to the various thrust faults that form the south slope of the central pyrenees mountains. Its geological record covers the past 550 million years. The rich natural heritage of the southern slopes of pyrenees is recognized internationally as a natural laboratory for sedimentology, tectonics, external geodynamics, paleontology, mineral deposits, and soil science. The region has a very broad representation of the evolution of life on earth, including vertebrates, invertebrates and plant fossils from the Permian to the paleogene.
Famenne - Ardenne UNESCO world geological park, clear in the landscape of three parts: northern Famenne, is a piece of sheet at the bottom of the large sag in the south of the ardennes region, which is mainly composed of sandstone formed a vast plateau, between the two, Calestienne presents rich in calcareous rock karst phenomenon. The karst in this area is typical. The disappearance and reappearance of rivers, various sinkholes and huge caves have helped shape the ubiquitous human activities of the geopark. In addition, limestone water is an important ingredient for brewing the famous Rochefort Trappist beer.
Light mist mountain - north water river (China)
The United Nations educational, scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO) world geological park is located in bazhong, sichuan province. The area is located in the central orogenic belt (qinling mountains) and the southern intersection of yangzi block, which is rich in karst, tectonic landforms, waterfalls, ponds and other natural landscapes. Because it is located in the north and south karst landform transition zone, it is an important place to analyze the geological evolution of zhouyuan basin. The famous micang ancient road runs through the park, and different dynasties and cultures have left their marks. It has a history of more than 2,000 years, connecting shaanxi and sichuan provinces.
Huanggang dabie mountain (China)
The UNESCO world geological park is located in hubei province in eastern China. It shows the geological evolution of the region, especially the collision between north China and the Yangtze plate. The oldest core of the mountain range caused by this collision is the pomegranate black cloud gneiss and the green rock band combination. These rocks are formed under high temperature and pressure, which is over 2.8 billion years old. Biodiversity in the region has made it one of the seven important gene Banks in China.
Izu peninsula (Japan)
The izu peninsula, scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO) world geological park is located in the southeast honshu island, is a unique confluence of two active volcanic arc, is also related to the tectonic plate collision intersection of various kinds of continuous phenomena. The region's uninterrupted volcanic history over the past 20 million years is unparalleled elsewhere. Geothermal activity has also given the region some of Japan's most famous hot springs. There have also been many natural disasters, such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis. These natural disasters contributed to the local faith, the worship of the natural gods, and the construction of more than 90 shrines within the geopark.
No mountain area (South Korea)
The UNESCO world geopark in unisanshan is the center of the city's towering mountains. The mountain has always held an important place in the spiritual world of the former people of all the south of the country, and they regard the top of the mountain as the altar of sacrificial objects. Here including records of geological remains the stage of cretaceous volcanic activity at least three large polygon connection tuff column, a wide range of glacial topography, unusual microclimate environment, dinosaur footprints, and other various geological and topographical features.
Ngorongoro Lengai UNESCO world geological park is one of the most important characteristics of Ngorongoro crater, there are elephants, black rhinoceroses, lion, antelope and other large mammals and human coexistence. In the maasai language, Oldoinyo Lengai means "mountain of god" or "holy mountain", which is located at the northern tip of Ngorongoro volcanic highlands, the youngest and most active volcano (2962 meters). This volcanic eruption is unique to Natrocarbonatite, which contains almost no silicon. The world's most important paleoanthropological sites Olduvai gorge in pliocene formed volcanic rock, with a history of unparalleled environmental records, including hominid fossils, and middle-late fossil Stone Age artifacts and a wide range of animals.
Canada's Perce UNESCO world geopark is located in the heart of the great Appalachian mountains in eastern North America. During the Jurassic and cretaceous periods (about 150 million years ago), mountain ranges in the region and magma and tectonic events in the region were associated with the expansion of the Atlantic ocean. In the last 20, 000 years (the last ice age), the Quebec portion of the mountain has been eroded by glacial elements, making its landscape present in its current form. The area has many ecosystems and a variety of plants and animals. The main economic activity in the area is concentrated in tourism, fishing and forestry.
Rinjani Lombok (Indonesia)
Lombok is one of the Sunda Kecil islands, one of the Sunda Kecil islands in Bali and songba, with a "tail" of 70 kilometers -- the peninsula. The geology of the island is dominated by quaternary calc-alkaline volcanoes, which are covered with neoclastic sedimentary rocks, Miocene volcanic rocks and paleogene intrusive igneous rocks. The volcanic complex was formed by subduction of the Indian Ocean plate under the edge of southeast Asia plate. Lombok's Sasak population is multi-ethnic and multi-cultural, and the diversity of its cultural heritage is reflected in buildings such as temples and old mosques.
The United Nations educational, scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO) world geological park is known for its quiet natural beauty. Many cultures and groups, including buddhists, muslims, christians, and smaller groups such as Semung, Maniq and Urak Lawoi (Chao le), live in harmony in the region. The fossils are rich and diverse, including the trilobites, brachiopods, stromatolites, conodonts, grapevines, beads and tri-ridges, which are known as paleofossils. The main economic activities of the residents are concentrated in agriculture, fishing, tourism and small-scale local enterprises.
The main purpose of UNESCO's world geopark is to deepen the understanding of geographical diversity through community-led initiatives, particularly through sustainable tourism. At the same time, the park can help us improve our understanding of climate change and natural disasters and carry out relevant monitoring. In addition, some parks can contribute to the development of disaster mitigation strategies in local communities.
Joining the world geological park network will help these sites and their inhabitants improve the value of local geology and human heritage and promote enhanced awareness activities. This will also contribute to the sharing of experience and practices within the network framework.